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Consumer Grievance Redressal Forum (CGRF): Filing a Complaint Against Electricity Distributor Companies


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In the landscape of consumer rights and utility services, the Consumer Grievance Redressal Forum (CGRF) is an independent body of electricity distributor companies. Established under the Electricity Act, 2003, the CGRF embodies the legislative intent to empower consumers with a dedicated platform for addressing their grievances related to electricity services. This article aims to demystify the CGRF, elucidating its purpose, functions, and the process of lodging complaints, thereby equipping consumers with the knowledge to effectively seek redressal.

The Genesis of CGRF

The inception of CGRF can be traced to the Electricity Act, 2003, which revolutionized the power sector in India. Section 42(5) of the Act mandates every distribution licensee to establish a CGRF within a stipulated time frame. The forum is a response to the growing need for a transparent, accessible, and efficient grievance redressal mechanism that aligns with the principles of natural justice and consumer protection.

The Mandate of CGRF

The CGRF is entrusted with a broad mandate to address a variety of consumer complaints, ranging from billing disputes to service disruptions. It serves as the first level of dispute resolution, offering a less formal, quicker, and more cost-effective alternative to conventional legal proceedings. The forum’s jurisdiction encompasses issues such as:

  • Faults or discrepancies in electricity supply.
  • Metering and billing accuracy.
  • Disconnection and reconnection of services.
  • Implementation of tariff orders and regulations.

The Composition of CGRF

A Commission for Grievances Redressal Forum (CGRF) typically comprises a chairperson and two members, forming a panel of eminent individuals with a deep understanding of the power sector and consumer affairs. The chairperson is usually a retired judge or a person with an impeccable record of public service, known for their fairness and impartiality. The two members are experts in their respective fields, one representing the interests of consumers and the other, the power sector.

The collective expertise of the chairperson and members of the CGRF ensures that grievances are adjudicated with fairness, impartiality, and due diligence. They strive to resolve disputes amicably, seeking mutually acceptable solutions that protect consumer rights while also considering the practical realities of power distribution. The CGRF’s commitment to transparency, efficiency, and consumer satisfaction plays a vital role in fostering trust and confidence in the power sector.

Filing a Complaint to CGRF

Filing an electricity complaint with the CGRF against the respective electricity distributor company or Discom is a straightforward process designed to be consumer-friendly:

  1. Consumer Grievance: The consumer must clearly identify the issue at hand, whether it pertains to billing, quality of service, or any other aspect related to the electricity supply.
  2. Filing the Complaint: The consumer can file the complaint in writing or through electronic means, if available. The complaint should include all pertinent details such as the consumer’s name, address, consumer number, and a detailed account of the grievance.
  3. Documentation: Supporting documents, such as previous correspondence, bills, and notices, should accompany the complaint to substantiate the claims made by the consumer.
  4. Acknowledgement and Resolution: Upon receipt of the complaint, the CGRF of the respective electricity distributor will issue an acknowledgement and commence the adjudication process. The forum is bound by the timelines specified by the regulatory commission to provide a resolution.
Flow Chart for resolution of an electricity complaint
Flow Chart for resolution of an electricity complaint

Steps to Lodge a Complaint

Step 1: Initial Complaint to the Distributor:

  1. First, file a formal written complaint with your electricity distributor. This should include:
    • Your name, address, and consumer account number
    • A clear description of your grievance
    • Supporting documents (bills, communication records, etc.)
    • The remedy you are seeking
  2. The distributor has a stipulated time frame (usually 30 days) to respond and resolve the issue.

Step 2: Escalation to CGRF:

  1. If you’re unsatisfied with the distributor’s response (or lack of it), escalate your complaint to the relevant CGRF.
  2. Locate the CGRF: Find the address and contact details of your area’s CGRF on the website of your State Electricity Regulatory Commission (SERC). Some major electricity distribution companies are provided below.

Step 3: Filing the Complaint:

  1. Format: CGRFs may have specific complaint forms, but a written description of the issue suffices if a form is unavailable. Ensure you include:
    • Your details (name, address, connection number)
    • Details of the distributor’s complaint and response
    • The exact nature of your grievance
    • The remedy you seek
    • Supporting documentation
  2. Fees: Some CGRFs may charge a nominal complaint filing fee.
  3. Submission: Submit your complaint physically at the CGRF office or follow instructions for online submission (if available).

Step 4: Hearing and Resolution:

  1. The CGRF will hold a hearing, giving you and the distributor an opportunity to present your cases.
  2. The CGRF aims for timely grievance resolution, often within a stipulated time frame.

Step 5: Appealing the Decision:

If you are dissatisfied with the CGRF’s decision, you can appeal to the Electricity Ombudsman (appointed by the SERC) within a specified time frame (usually 60 days).


Adhere to the time limits stipulated by your SERC for each stage of the complaint process. CGRFs typically address complaints related to billing, metering, disconnection, voltage issues, supply quality, etc. Unauthorized use of electricity cases are not usually under CGRF jurisdiction. You can represent yourself or appoint an authorized representative to file and argue the complaint on your behalf.

The Right to Appeal

If the consumer is dissatisfied with the resolution offered by the CGRF, they have the right to appeal to the Electricity Ombudsman of the state. The Ombudsman acts as the appellate authority, providing an additional layer of scrutiny and ensuring that the consumer’s rights are upheld.

The Electricity Ombudsman is an independent and impartial body established specifically to address consumer grievances related to electricity services. The Ombudsman’s role is to investigate complaints thoroughly, assess the evidence impartially, and provide a just and equitable resolution.

The process typically involves reviewing the consumer’s complaint, examining the evidence provided, and seeking additional information as necessary. The Ombudsman may also facilitate mediation between the consumer and the electricity service provider in an attempt to reach a mutually acceptable solution.

If the Ombudsman finds that the consumer’s complaint is valid and the electricity service provider has not adequately addressed the issue, they may issue directives to the service provider to take corrective action.

This could include refunding the consumer, compensating for any losses incurred, or taking steps to improve the quality of service. The Ombudsman’s decisions are binding on the electricity service provider, and they are expected to comply promptly.

List of CGRF Forums

These are the electricity distribution companies where CGRF forums are constituted:

States/UT Electricity Distribution Companies
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
  • ARPDOP – Department of Power Arunachal Pradesh
  • APDCL – Assam Power Distribution Company Limited
  • NBPDCL – North Bihar Power Distribution Company Ltd
  • SBPDCL – South Bihar Power Distribution Company Ltd
  • CSPDCL – Chhattisgarh State Power Distribution Limited
  • Electricity Department, Goa
  • UHBVN – Uttar Haryana Bijli Vitran Nigam
  • DHBVN – Dakshin Haryana Bijli Vitran Nigam
Himachal Pradesh
  • HPSEB – Himachal Pradesh State Electricity Board Limited
  • JBVNL – Jharkhand Bijli Vitran Nigam Limited
  • JUSCO – Jamshedpur Utilities & Services Company Limited
  • BESCOM – Bangalore Electricity Supply Company Limited (BESCL)
  • CESC, Mysore – Chamundeshwari Electricity Supply Corporation Ltd.
  • GESCOM – Gulbarga Electricity Supply Company Ltd
  • HESCOM – Hubli Electricity Supply Company Ltd
  • MESCOM – Mangalore Electricity Supply Company Ltd
  • KSEB – Kerala State Electricity Board
  • KDHPCPL – Kannan Devan Hills Plantations Company Private Limited
  • TCED – Thrissur Corporation Electricity Department
Madhya Pradesh
  • MPPoKVVCL – Madhya Pradesh Poorv Kshetra Vidyut Vitran Company Ltd
  • MPMKVVCL – Madhya Pradesh Madhya Kshetra Vidyut Vitaran Company Ltd.
  • MPPKVVCL – Madhya Pradesh Paschim Kshetra Vidyut Vitaran Company Ltd.
  • MSPCL – Manipur State Power Company Limited
  • MEECL – Meghalaya Electricity Corporation Limited
  • Power and Electricity Department, Mizoram
  • Department of Power Nagaland (Electricity)
  • TPCODL – TP Central Odisha Electricity Distribution Limited
  • TPWODL – TP Western Odisha Electricity Distribution Ltd
  • TPNODL – TP Northern Odisha Electricity Distribution Limited
  • TPSODL – TP Southern Odisha Electricity Distribution Ltd
  • PSPCL – Punjab State Power Corporation Limited
Sikkim Power Department, Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
  • TSSPDCL – Southern Electricity Power Distribution Company of Telangana Limited (tssouthernpower)
  • TSNPDC – Northern Power Distribution Company of Telangana Limited
  • Co-operative Electric Supply Society Ltd (CESS Ltd), Sircilla
Tripura TSECL – Tripura State Electricity Corporation Limited
Uttarakhand UPDCL – Uttarakhand Power Corporation Limited
Uttar Pradesh
West Bengal
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  • Andaman and Nicobar Electricity Department
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu
  • DNHPDCL – Dadar and Nagar Haveli Power Distribution Corporation Ltd
  • Daman and Diu Electricity
The Government of NCT of Delhi/New Delhi
  • BRPL – BSES Rajdhani Power Limited, Delhi
  • BYPL – BSES Yamuna Power Limited, Delhi
  • New Delhi Municipal Council – NDMC
Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh
  • JKPDCL/JKPDD – Jammu Power Distribution Corporation Limited
  • Department of Electricity Lakshadweep
  • Electricity Department – Govt of Puducherry


The establishment of CGRFs across the country has had a profound impact on the consumer redressal landscape. It has not only provided consumers with a voice but also instilled a sense of accountability among electricity distributors The CGRF is more than just a grievance redressal body; it is a testament to the commitment towards protecting consumer rights in the power sector. By understanding the workings of the CGRF, consumers can effectively navigate the redressal process and ensure that their grievances are heard and addressed. As the power sector continues to evolve, the role of the CGRF will undoubtedly become even more significant, reinforcing the ethos of consumer empowerment and service excellence.

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